Message to the Senate
Transmitting the Soviet-United States Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty
January 25, 1988
the Senate of the United States:
am transmitting herewith, for the advice and consent of the Senate to
ratification, the Treaty between the United States of
America and the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics on the Elimination of
Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (the Treaty). The Treaty
includes the following documents, which are integral parts thereof: the
Memorandum of Understanding (the MOU) regarding the establishment of a data
base, the Protocol on Elimination governing the elimination of missile systems,
and the Protocol on Inspection regarding the conduct of inspections, with an
Annex to that Protocol on the privileges and immunities to be accorded
inspectors and aircrew members. The Treaty, together with the MOU and the two
Protocols, was signed at Washington on December
The Report of the Department of State on the Treaty is provided for the
information of the Senate.
addition, I am transmitting herewith, for the information of the Senate, the
Agreement Among the United States of America and the Kingdom of Belgium, the Federal
Republic of Germany, the Republic of Italy, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Regarding Inspections
Relating to the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and
Shorter-Range Missiles (the Basing Country Agreement), which was signed at
Brussels on December 11, 1987. The Basing Country Agreement confirms that the
inspections called for in the Treaty will be permitted by the five Allied
Basing Countries. The Report of the Department of State discusses in detail the
terms of the Basing Country Agreement. Also attached for the information of the
Senate are the notes exchanged between both the German Democratic Republic and Czechoslovakia and the United States. The notes acknowledge
that these countries agree to the United States' conducting
inspections, under the Treaty, on their territory. Identical notes also are
being exchanged between the Soviet Union and the five Allied
Treaty is an unprecedented arms control agreement in several respects. It marks
the first time that the United States and the Soviet Union have agreed to
eliminate, throughout the world, an entire class of their missile systems.
Significantly, the eliminations will be achieved from markedly asymmetrical
starting points that favored the Soviet Union. The Treaty includes
provisions for comprehensive on-site inspections, including the continuous
monitoring of certain facilities, to aid in verifying compliance. To a much
greater extent than in earlier arms control agreements between the United States and the Soviet Union, detailed information
has been, and will continue to be, exchanged by the Parties in order to facilitate
verification of compliance. Finally, the United States and the Soviet Union have agreed on
cooperative measures to enhance verification by national technical means.
missile systems to be eliminated consist of all U.S. and Soviet
ground-launched ballistic missiles and ground-launched cruise missiles having a
range capability between 500 and 5500 kilometers. The launchers for such
missiles and unique elements of their related support structures and support
equipment also will be eliminated. The shorter-range missiles to be eliminated
under this Treaty are those with a range capability between 500 and 1000
kilometers. They must be eliminated within 18 months after the entry into force
of the Treaty. Intermediate-range missiles, having a range capability between
1000 and 5500 kilometers, are to be eliminated in two phases within three years
after entry into force of the Treaty. Elimination will take place at designated
locations and will be subject to on-site inspection as an aid to verifying
the MOU, the United States and the Soviet Union have provided detailed
information on the location of all missiles, launchers, and related support
structures and support equipment subject to the Treaty. Each Party is required
to provide updated data on a routine basis after the Treaty enters into force.
Treaty provides that on-site inspections are permitted at specified locations
in the United States and the Soviet Union as well as in the
Basing Countries in Western and Eastern Europe where U.S. or Soviet missiles,
launchers, and related support structures and support equipment subject to the
Treaty are or have been located. The different types of ``short-notice''
on-site inspections for which the Treaty provides are designed to contribute to
our ability to verify Soviet compliance, while protecting all U.S. and Allied
nuclear and conventional forces not subject to the Treaty as well as other
sensitive intelligence and defense facilities.
addition to ``short-notice'' on-site inspections, the Treaty provides for other
types of on-site inspections, including the continuous presence of U.S.
inspectors at the Soviet facility at Votkinsk, at
which SS - 25 and SS - 20 missiles have been assembled, and a continuous Soviet
presence at the identified facility at Hercules Plant #1, located at Magna,
Utah, at which stages of Pershing II missiles formerly were produced.
Treaty is the culmination of six years of negotiations with the Soviet Union. To a large extent, the
Treaty is the result of Allied solidarity in support of the fundamental
objectives established by NATO's ``dual-track'' decision in 1979. Our Atlantic and our Asian and
Pacific Allies have been closely involved throughout the period of negotiation,
and they fully support the Treaty. The Treaty enhances our collective security
by eliminating an entire class of Soviet missile systems that has been a major
concern for over a decade. Our European Allies will continue to be well
protected by the significant U.S. nuclear forces remaining
in Europe, by the independent
British and French nuclear deterrents, and by conventional forces, which
include over 300,000 U.S. troops.
believe that the Treaty is in the best interests of the United States and represents an
important step in achieving arms reductions that strengthen U.S. and Allied security.
Therefore, I urge the Senate's advice and consent to its ratification.
January 25, 1988.