Toronto Economic Summit Conference Chairman's Summary of Political
June 20, 1988
following represents an agreed summary of the discussions on the Middle East, South Africa and Cambodia.
express our deep concern at the increasing instability in the Near East. The current violence
in the Occupied Territories is a clear sign that
the status quo is not sustainable. An early negotiated settlement to the
underlying Arab/Israeli dispute is essential. We declare our support for the
convening of a properly structured international conference as the appropriate
framework for the necessary negotiations between the parties directly concerned.
In this perspective we salute current efforts aimed at achieving a settlement,
particularly the initiative pursued by Mr. Shultz since February. We urge the
parties to cooperate fully in the search for a solution.
have pursued our consultations about the continuing war between Iran and Iraq, which remains a source
of profound concern to us. We reaffirm our support for Security Council
Resolution 598, which was adopted unanimously. We express our warm appreciation
for the efforts of the Secretary General to work for a settlement on this basis
and reiterate our firm determination to ensure implementation of this mandatory
resolution by a follow-up resolution. We condemn the use of chemical weapons by
either party, deplore proliferation of ballistic missiles in the region, and
renew our commitment to uphold the principle of freedom of navigation in the
declare our abhorrence of apartheid, which must be replaced through a process
of genuine national negotiations by a non-racial democracy.
expressed our urgent opinion on three particular matters:
all legal options available in South Africa should be used to
secure clemency for the Sharpeville Six;
the enactment of legislation designed to deprive
anti-apartheid organizations of overseas aid would place severe strain on the
relations each of us has with South Africa;
we strongly support the current negotiations seeking
national reconciliation within Angola, an end to the
Angola/Namibia conflict, and early implementation of UN Security Council
the recent message from Prince Sihanouk has reminded us, the continuing
Cambodian conflict and the suffering of the Cambodian people is of deep
concern. We join the vast majority of the nations of the world in calling for
the prompt withdrawal of all Vietnamese troops. We support a political
settlement in Cambodia which will provide for
Cambodian self-determination and lead to the re-emergence of a free and
Note: The summary was
not issued as a White House press release.